There were 102 passengers and 30 crew members on the Mayflower when it sailed from England in 1620. In my genealogy research the other day, I discovered that my 9x great-grandmother and her father, my 10x great-grandfather were two of them. My 10x great-uncle Oceanus was born during the voyage. Here is the lineage, as best as I can tell. As usual, my most prevalent resource is ancestry.com, however, in this case, I have my grandmother's DAR research that takes me back to Aaron Cleveland and I relied on ancestry.com from that point back. I am still sorting through a huge box of genealogical research that grandma did and I imagine I'll find some additional confirmation there. In the meantime, as I always say, this is either a really interesting historical account of my ancestor or just a really interesting historical account.
Here's what I believe to be the lineage:
Stephen Hopkins (1580 - 1644)
Stephen Hopkins was from Hampshire, England. He married his first wife, Mary, and in the parish of Hursley, Hampshire; he and wife Mary had their children Elizabeth, Constance, and Giles all baptized there. It has long been claimed that the Hopkins family was from Wortley, Gloucester, but this was disproven in 1998.
(Another account explains that Stephen's son, Oceanus, was the only child born during the voyage. Apparently they were supposed to leave in mid-July when Elizabeth was six months pregnant and the voyage was delayed several times, putting her in the position of delivering on board. Oceanus died when he was still a toddler. They don't include that part in the "happily ever after" version of the Thanksgiving story.)
Stephen was a fairly active member of the Pilgrims shortly after arrival, perhaps a result of his being one of the few individuals who had been to Virginia previously. He was a part of all the early exploring missions, and was used almost as an "expert" on Native Americans for the first few contacts. While out exploring, Stephen recognized and identified an Indian deer trap. And when Samoset walked into Plymouth and welcomed the English, he was housed in Stephen Hopkins' house for the night. Stephen was also sent on several of the ambassadorial missions to meet with the various Indian groups in the region. Stephen was an assistant to the governor through 1636, and volunteered for the Pequot War of 1637 but was never called to serve.
By the late 1630s, however, Stephen began to occasionally run afoul of the Plymouth authorities, as he apparently opened up a shop and served alcohol. In 1636 he got into a fight with John Tisdale and seriously wounded him. In 1637, he was fined for allowing drinking and shuffleboard playing on Sunday. Early the next year he was fined for allowing people to drink excessively in his house: guest William Reynolds was fined, but the others were acquitted. In 1638 he was twice fined for selling beer at twice the actual value, and in 1639 he was fined for selling a looking glass for twice what it would cost if bought in the Bay Colony. Also in 1638, Stephen Hopkins' maidservant got pregnant from Arthur Peach, who was subsequently executed for murdering an Indian. The Plymouth Court ruled he was financially responsible for her and her child for the next two years (the amount remaining on her term of service). Stephen, in contempt of court, threw Dorothy out of his household and refused to provide for her, so the court committed him to custody. John Holmes stepped in and purchased Dorothy's remaining two years of service from him: agreeing to support her and child.